How to open a pdf file from terminal.

This is perhaps the most asked and searched questions by people using FOSS software and the one’s who breathe inside the terminal. Well your mileage might vary depending on which Operating System you’re on and the Desktop Environment(DE), etc. But the question here is how to open a pdf file from terminal; so let us begin !

In most certain Desktop Environments, including Ubuntu’s Unity and after 18.04 LTS, Gnome 3.X you can use:

 

xdg-open filetoopen.xxx

 

In Gnome, you also can use:
gvfs-open filetoopen.xxx

 

(xxx = some file extension). With this command the default app for “xxx” will be invoked (for example document viewer in Ubuntu’s Unity DE, if you want to open pdf).

 

Or specifically:

 

evince filetoopen.pdf

 

Or (default for KDE):
okular file2open.pdf

 

That’s it, you’re work is done !