Black Menu – Access all the google services under one roof in Chrome !

The one menu to access all your preferred google services with a single click. Welcome to the Black menu, this is a Google chrome extension and it unifies all the Google services under one roof such as Google docs, Gmail, Google +, Youtube etc….

This extension is meant to be a replacement for both, iGoogle and the quickly removed google menu. Since Google Chrome is cross-platform, it should work in Windows, Mac and Ubuntu systems. Install Black Menu by going to the link below.

Quickly search almost everything google is capable of – get easy access to the most commonly used google services, available at any time.

Search page – the primary page, containing a search box which is able to quickly get search results right in Black Menu. Not enough search results? Simply hit “web”, which will bring you to Google search results in a new tab. Want another searchtype? simple select another one in the toolbar.

Google+ page – Quickly share your current page, create a new post, or check your notifications. Its all possible with the Google+ page. At the bottom, you can also find some shortcuts to the Google+ sections in a new tab, like Circles or Hangouts.

Translate page – this menu allows you to quickly translate everything you want. It automatically recognizes the language you have entered and you can easily change which languages you want to use or switch between them, same as on google translate itself. You can even star translations, which can be checked later in the phrasebook, including the translations made in the past.

Maps page – easily search any location in the world, you can easily start a direction from and to where you have searched for, see the current traffic, switch to satellite view, and even more.

Play page – Search any content you want in the play store. The search system works the same as in the regular search and google+ menu. At the bottom, you have easy access to your content, apps, music, magazines, and more. Note, that not every content type is available in every country, because of google play limitations.

Youtube page – View ‘most viewed’ videos, recently uploaded videos, top rated videos and more on this menu. You can search for any video you want, and even play them from within the extension itself (as long as you keep the menu open). Quick shortcuts to your ‘watch later’ and ‘playlists’ are available at the bottom.

News page – Want to see what’s going on in world? No problem! With this extension you have just one click to do to get the recent ‘top stories’, ‘business news’ and ‘news from science’ and anything else you might be looking for. You can also search for specific news via the search box.
At the bottom are quick links to the news archive and google reader. Filter by starred items, recommended items, or even your own folders.

Gmail page – This page features a full featured Gmail inbox. You can check your mail. Delete mail, label mail, report a mail as spam. You can even compose a new mail, right in Black Menu.

Drive page – Search through your documents in google drive.
Upload new files from your computer, or create new documents via the new file menu. You can also access the google drive locations in one click, via the linkssection at the bottom.

Calendar page – View all your upcoming calender events, view events from a specific day, or even add new events. The calendar menu also shows your open google tasks, where you can check completed tasks, or add new ones.

More menu – Not yet found what you were looking for? Taking a look at the more menu, allows you to access nearly all google services that were not available through the previous menus.

[via:- chrome extensions page]


10 things to do after installing Ubuntu

1. Install Additional Drivers:-

Some propriety drivers such as Broadcom wireless drivers or nVidia graphics drivers are absent by default. Ubuntu has now moved the “Additional Drivers” to Software Sources. Previously it was available in Unity Dash. To install additional drivers, open software sources = >And then go to Additional Drivers tab to find the available additional drivers for your computer:

Additional drivers


2. Install restricted repositories :-

Since not all types of Media formats are “completely” free and open source, Ubuntu does not provide them by default with the installation. For example if you want to listen to Mp3, watch flash videos or play an avi file, you have to install these media codecs. Ubuntu has bundeled the codecs for most common type of media formats in what it calls “ubuntu-restricted-extras”. Use the following command in terminal to install this package:-

sudo apt-get install ubuntu-restricted-extras

3. Set a Backup !


Most people just skip this step, feeling it’s complicated or feeling lazy about it. Though the truth is, it is ridiculously easy to setup a backup. Trust me on this, having a backup saves your behind/ass in unfortunate events. Ubuntu’s default backup program Deja Dup is really easy to configure. Just locate all your important files and/or directories and save it (preferably) to a remote location such as external storage or Dropbox/Amazon.



4. Install Gimp !


Previously, GIMP was dropped from Ubuntu so as to keep the final ISO image size less than 700MB. Though Ubuntu 12.10 has dropped the 703 MB CD version , GIMP is still not included in it. Install GIMP 2.8 in terminal:

sudo apt-get install gimp

5. Install Dropbox !


Ubuntu comes pre-installed with its default cloud storage service Ubuntu One that offers 5 GB of free storage. You just need to login (or create an account for it). I am not sure if many people use Ubuntu One but Dropbox is definitely used by a huge number of people. Undoubtedly it is the king when it comes to cloud storage and sync services. You can install Dropbox in terminal:

sudo apt-get install nautilus-dropbox

6. Install VLC media player !


Ubuntu’s default video player Totem is pretty good in itself but VLC media player is by far the best player to play video files. It plays “almost” all type of video formats. Handles subtitles effectively and the best part is that you can enhance the volume up to 400% of the maximum you can get from your computer. Believe me, it helps a lot when you have a video/movie with really low audio. Install the VLC media player in terminal:-

sudo apt-get install vlc

7. Tweak Ubuntu Unity !

Though Ubuntu has stunning looks yet it does not mean you should not customize it to your own preference. There are a number of tools available to customize desktop settings like themes, icons, fonts, login-settings, unity launcher, unity lens behavior, graphics effects, startup applications etc. Two popular tools to tweak the settings in Ubuntu are MyUnity and Ubuntu Tweak.

Install Ubuntu Unity:

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:myunity/ppa
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install myunity

Install Ubuntu Tweak:


sudo add-apt-repository ppa:tualatrix/ppa
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install ubuntu-tweak

8. Install Additional browser like Chrome or Chromium !

chromium browser

Some people will just swear by Mozilla Firefox. But as an experienced computer user you may agree that it is better to have two web browsers instead of one for a number of reason and ease of use is one of them. The best alternate to the default Mozilla Web Browser is Chromium Web Browser. Chromium is an open source project and the popular web browser Google Chrome is based on it. You can install either of the two. Chromium can be found in Ubuntu Software Center while Chrome can be downloaded from its website, click here . If for some (unknown) reason you do not like Chrome, then Opera is a worthy opponent of Firefox.

9. Install Shutter (A Screenshot App) !


Shutter is an open-source program, and is available completely for free! It is really nice screenshot utility, We can say it is very advance utility to take screenshots of your screen.Shutter is a feature-rich screenshot program. You can take a screenshot of a specific area, window, your whole screen, or even of a website – apply different effects to it, draw on it to highlight points, and then upload to an image hosting site, all within one window. Shutter is free, open-source, and licensed under GPL v3.

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:shutter/ppa
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install shutter

10. Finally install Gparted !


GParted is a free partition editor for graphically managing your disk partitions.
With GParted you can resize, copy, and move partitions without data loss, enabling you to:

  • Grow or shrink your C: drive
  • Create space for new operating systems
  • Attempt data rescue from lost partitions
sudo apt-get install gparted

This was from the top of my to do list after installing Ubuntu. What do you do after installing Ubuntu? Do share your experience with us on comments sections below..

Njoy !

Install latest Wine in Ubuntu

For the people who do not know what Wine is, it is a program that lets you run or install programs designed for Windows in Linux systems, including Ubuntu, Fedora and other distros. If you ever wanted to install Windows programs in Linux, then Wine is the program you’ll need to help you do that.

How to install it ?

Just fire your terminal and type the following commands:-

sudo add-apt-repository ppa:ubuntu-wine/ppa

Finally, run the commands below to update your system and install Wine.

sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install wine1.8

For a list of details for supported Linux/Unix supported distro’s for wine click here.

That’s it for now folks !

Njoy !

Google axes support of Google chrome browser on all 32 bit Linux distros !

From March 2016, Google won’t be supporting 32 bit build of Google chrome browsers on any of the Linux distros or there derivatives too. This is due to the fact that Linux as a whole is sharing approximately 1.6% market share in desktop operating systems and the Google chrome users on it are still a percentile, also considering the 32 bit versions which are even low, it seems Google has taken a right decision to axe them on all 32 bit platforms !

Just a note that Chromium, the open source browser (the browser from which Google takes the source code to make Google chrome and adds a flash player + pdf reader etc). won’t get affected for any time soon. Also sad new for Ubuntu 12.04 LTS users is that Google is advising them to upgrade to 64 bit, even though support as from Canonical(the company behind Ubuntu Linux) has promised free security and maintenance updates for 5 years, that is till 2017.

It will be interesting to see whether other browsers which are based on chromium or chrome(Webkit, that is the browser rendering engine) like Opera, midori etc will be providing support after March 2016 or not on 32 bit Linux Operating Systems.

“To provide the best experience for the most-used Linux versions, we will end support for Google Chrome on 32-bit Linux, Ubuntu Precise (12.04), and Debian 7 (wheezy) in early March, 2016,” says Chromium engineer Dirk Pranke.

[via:- &]

Material Design to Linux – Papyros


Meet Papyros, formerly know as QuartzOS, then QuantumOS, and finally a new name Papyros is a new and upcoming shiny Linux based operating system which is based on Arch Linux and about to be launched in 2016. As of now its in rough alpha stage and not to be intended for use on production machines. It’s using Google’s new Material design technology UI, as seen on Android 5.0 Lollipop !

Looks to be more like Chrome OS, but can be customized to have a dock like interface and look more sort of mackintosh ! As usual Linux distro’s are heavily customizable and there theme can be changed quite easily. The distro is a rolling release, that means a user dosen’t need to upgrade a fresh copy as soon as  a new version is out, the OS can be updated periodically as a manual update when run through a terminal. As of now the latest version while writing this article is 0.3 and it is yet to hit version 1.0

The operating system, desktop shell, and material design framework is still in active development and is in a pre-alpha state. There aren’t any installer ISOs or stable repositories. To add on Arch Linux follow the steps below:-

First, add the following lines to your /etc/pacman.conf file, above the default repositories:

SigLevel = Never
Server =$repo/$arch

Then, run

pacman -Syu
pacman -S papyros-shell

You can test the shell by running it in a new window on top of your desktop:



Top 10 Linux distributions of all times !

Howdy, today i will be writing about the top 10 Linux based distributions or “distro’s” of all times according to me. You may refer distrowatch website for all the details, but for now here is my countdown.

Before we start, let me tell you that Linux consists of around 1.5% of market share in desktop arena as compared to Windows which is 92% and for Mac OS X its above 8% on an average. So Linux has less market share, its immune to viruses and other threats as compared to other mainstream operating systems. Also there are more then 300 + distro’s available and as mentioned on distrowatch.

Now first things first, lets go down the descending way and see who has got the guts to make to the mark at the apex.

No. 10 Zorin OS:-


This OS which is specially designed for newbies and all new comers to Linux from the familiar Windows world has got a Windows 7 type of a GUI. The distro’s origin is from Ireland, and is based on Debian and Ubuntu stable branches. It has a core edition and a lite ediition, which uses LXDE as a default desktop. There are premium and paid options too for gamers and businesses alike. The main USP of the distro is that it can be made to look and feel like Windows 7, Gnome 2 or older Windows xp style. However in the paid and premium packs there are options for Mac OS X and Ubuntu’s Unity interface GUI too.


No. 9 LXLE:-


Based on Debian and Ubuntu again and comes from USA(origin), the distro features a LXDE desktop which is extremely lightweight and uses optimal resources for handling daily tasks.  Its built and based on Ubuntu’s LTS (Long Term Support) for 5 years of service along with updates and guaranteed security patches.


No. 8 Linux lite:-


Linux lite or simply known as “lite” comes from New Zealand and is based on Ubuntu LTS and stable Debian packages. It is well know for all the new comers from the Windows world. It features a XFCE default GUI which is fast and stable. It includes out of the box applications such as an office suite and codecs and other media players for ease of use.

No.7 Kali Linux:-


Also known as Backtrack Linux from Switzerland. Based on unstable and testing branch of Debian, used for purposes like data rescue, forensics, security, live medium etc. Also used by hackers and other widely known network security admins and auditors, this distro has a huge collection of forensics software’s as well as security apps. It features timely security updates, support for the ARM architecture, a choice of four popular desktop environments, and seamless upgrades to newer versions.

No.6 Arch:-


Arch Linux, an independent distribution, well known to cater and provide a bleeding edge software along with a rolling release(a release where full upgrade is not necessary, user just needs to update the apps via normal update to get the most recent version). Arch can be installed from a CD image or via an FTP server. The default install provides a solid base that enables users to create a custom installation. There is AUR(Arch User Repository) and ABS for building and maintaining packages. Remember Arch is not for new comers as it requires a little bit of learning curve and knowledge of building and compiling packages and stuff.


No. 5 Manjaro Linux:-


Its based on Arch and comes from Austria, Germany and France as its origin. It’s fast, user friendly and easy to use distro. The community has taken special interest to make arch linux easy and modified it into manjaro so that new comers can find this distro a breeze to use. It’s again a rolling release, has XFCE as a default GUI, but there are options to install other desktop environments too such as KDE, Enlightenment, fluxbox, Gnome 3, etc. The distro can be installed via CLI based installer or a Graphical installer.


No. 4 CentOS:-


Also known as Community Enterprise OS. Built by the community and organisations which do not need any paid software for there daily computing routines. It is 100% compatible with Red hat OS.CentOS is for people who need an enterprise class operating system stability without the cost of certification and support

No. 3 Fedora:-


Fedora is sponsored and funded by red hat and is 100% free open source software. It has a reputation of being bleeding edge and implementing all the new technologies at a early stage. The default desktop interface is Gnome 3.X and on Gnome shell. It comes in various flavours like mate, KDE, Cinnamon, LXDE, XFCE. However there are other dedicated spins known as fedora spins too which includes subjects of interests for robotics, forensics, security, gaming, scientic computing etc.


No. 2 Ubuntu:-


Perhaps this distro needs no introduction at all. Funded and developed by Canonical, a UK based company, founded by Mark Shuttleworth has all the bells and whistles for any new comer coming to Linux from an outside world. It’s infact easier to use than a Mac as per the founder saying in a Ubuntu conference. The Ubuntu community is built on the ideas enshrined in the Ubuntu Manifesto: that software should be available free of charge, that software tools should be usable by people in their local language and despite any disabilities, and that people should have the freedom to customise and alter their software in whatever way they see fit. “Ubuntu” is an ancient African word, meaning “humanity to others”. It comes in various flavors which are not even rated here. They are Lubuntu (lxde desktop), Kubuntu (kde desktop), Edubuntu(unity or gnome fallback mode) etc.


No. 1 Mint:-


The only king in the Linux world as per everyone’s liking, its Mint that tops the chart in our distro list.  It’s based on 100% Ubuntu packages and repositories, which work seamlessly and the main USP is that it has all the bells and whistles to make it run any sort of codecs, plugins, flash, media etc straight out of the box. It has Cinnamon as a home grown desktop which is a fork of Gnome shell. It also provides Mate desktop for light weight computing experience. It is being funded by many non profit organizations and the Linux community as well.


Well that makes up for all the chart list today, that’s it for now enjoy 2016 !

A Happy new year to all of you.


Image courtesy:- distrowatch.

Access Dropbox via CLI (terminal) in Linux !

Dropbox, one of the leading cloud storage provider on the planet has more then 400 million registered users and most of them are free and by default Dropbox provides free 2 Gb space. As of now for every referral the user gets free 500 Mb + the other users too gets this benefit, as of now there are other options too for getting the free space, like linking to the Mailbox and Carousel accounts etc, (note at the time of writing both the apps viz. Mailbox and Carousel are going to shutdown as announced in a blog post by Dropbox).

The popularity of Dropbox has led to a plethora number of official and unofficial Dropbox clients that are available for cross platform users. Here we are going to discuss a basic Dropbox uploader, and a BASH script to access via the CLI(Command Line Interface) in/via the Linux terminal.

First things first:-

Fire up the terminal and paste the below given commands.

$ wget
$ chmod +x

Make sure that curl is present/installed on your system, if not just type in Ubuntu/Debian,

sudo apt-get install curl

To access the Dropbox, just run the uploader script, for the first time it will ask you for the access of you Dropbox account.

But before you do that please visit and create an app with full Dropbox access !


Post that run the script as shown below in your terminal,

$ ./

Go to your terminal, you will see this,


Enter the App key and the App secret(note that app secret cannot be copied, it has to be manually typed).

Now go to the URL as mentioned above in the screenshot(pixalated one) and you will be up and running in no time.


This successfully completes the required Dropbox uploader requirements and just in order to confirm the authentication, copy paster below:-

$ ./ info

Dropbox uploader examples:-

To list all contents in the top-level directory:

$ ./ list

To list all contents in a specific folder:

$ ./ list Documents/manuals

To upload a local file to a remote Dropbox folder:

$ ./ upload snort.pdf Documents/manuals

To download a remote file from Dropbox to a local file:

$ ./ download Documents/manuals/mysql.pdf ./mysql.pdf

To download an entire remote folder from Dropbox to a local folder:

$ ./ download Documents/manuals ./manuals

To create a new remote folder on Dropbox:

$ ./ mkdir Documents/whitepapers

To delete an entire remote folder (including all its contents) on Dropbox:

$ ./ delete Documents/manuals

Thats it, Enjoy !

[via:- xmodulo and askubuntu].